There is a strong association between the notion of evil and the emotion of selfishness, but that is a very limited useful association. People must have some selfishness in order to survive and likewise, people must also have some compassion in order to bond with other people. If a people are too selfish, they accumulate wealth and may actually take wealth from other people, including the lives of other people. But people must have some selfishness, a compassionate selfishness, and so the absolute notions of good and evil and the emotions of love and hate are much more limited. Instead, it is the emotions of selfish compassion and compassionate selfishness that better predict how people feel about each other.
There is a long history of the emotions of love and hate and many religions tout love as the most important emotion for bonding people together. Hate as the complement to love engenders the conflicts that people have with each other and there is an ultimate evil in hate. Since hate is always undesirable, the emotions of love and hate are more limited compared to compassion and selfishness for predicting how people act.
Religions usually promote various supernatural agents for good compassion and other evil agents for selfishness, but really compassion and selfishness are both part of the dual representations for how the universe works; relational and Cartesian. A relational person is compassionate and relates better with and cares more about others and is therefore a person who is on a common journey with many others. A Cartesian person is more selfish and cares more about themselves than other people and selfish people are therefore more separate and alone on their own objective Cartesian journeys. Just as a relational person subjectively bonds with many other people in a common journey of compassion, Cartesian people are largely on their own objective selfish journeys and only weakly interact with other people.
The complements of each emotion form five emotion pairs that represent the basic duality of matter and action. While compassion represents the matter and bonding of feeling, selfishness represents the action and conflict of the inhibition of that same feeling. Compassion is then the inhibition of selfish action and compassion bonds people together while selfishness is the excitation of selfish action where people conflict.
In our brains, excitations and inhibitions of neural action potentials represent how we feel and form the EEG spectra of brain waves as the figure below shows. In the spectral reality of the universe, the basic phenomena of consciousness are discrete particles of neural action called aware matter that bond into larger aware matter objects called thoughts as neural structures in the brain. Thoughts resonate as the EEG spectra of the brain and are the matter or feelings that bond two people and that bonding likewise results in further matter spectra that show those relationships.
Science does not yet understand how neural action results in the consciousness of EEG spectra, but sleep is a very important part of neural action. In fact, there are two primitive neural matter packets during sleep that appear in sleeping EEG called K complexes and sleep spindles. Both K complexes and sleep spindles are made of delta mode packets and the delta mode is the fundamental mode of neural action. The EEG K complex seems to be the simple delta dimer while a sleep spindle seems to be a delta dimer with an alpha mode carrier and both are the basic primitive neural packets that appear during deep sleep. These primitive neural packets appear to be what keep our mind asleep and yet they also represent the basic neural aware matter that binds or conflicts us with others as well with compassion and selfishness.
Compassion and selfishness are therefore the two most important emotions for bonding and conflict and people actually have both compassionate and selfish feelings in all journeys in life. Compassion and selfishness are much more useful than love and hate for describing the complexity of relationships. Bonding relationships come about from pleasurable neural excitations and result in delta dimer bonds that inhibit anxiety. Conflicts among people inhibit pleasure and excite anxiety, which is the alpha carrier mode.
People always need to act somewhat selfishly, a compassionate selfishness, in order to survive and so there are no journeys with only selfish action just as there are no journeys with only compassion. There are no people in life that are only Cartesian or only relational, there are likewise neither completely selfish nor completely compassionate people…all people must act both with compassionate selfishness as well as selfish compassion in order to survive. This is why love and hate are more limited complements of bonding emotions.
A Cartesian person journeys on a path that is more isolated from other people and so a Cartesian generally represents selfish action that cares more about their own needs than the needs of others. In contrast, a relational person journeys as a superposition of many possible futures that are more bonded with others by compassion. A relational has more compassion for other people and a relational inhibits selfish actions. A relational person has more compassion for others that inhibits selfish action for their own needs and therefore relationals are more open about the many possible futures with other people.
By extension of compassion and selfishness to the governments of clans, villages, and states, the notions of compassion and selfishness represent the cooperation and conflicts that bond and conflict people into a community with many largely anonymous people living together in large cities and countries. The constitution of a balanced government incorporates the notions of a balance of compassion and selfishness to assure survival just as people selfishly assure their own survivals.
Governments balance compassion, sharing, and cooperation with selfish actions and that balance allows competition to promote commerce and innovation. The markets of commerce permit people to act selfishly and trade for goods and services that not only meet the selfish needs of survival, but also provide goods and services for others as well in a form of compassion. The government builds roads, transportation, buildings, parks, and social welfare represent the compassion of public resources shared for all.