Saturday, November 5, 2016

Hydrogens' Gravity and Dispersion Spectra

Although the spectrum of the hydrogen atom has been known for over a century, atomic hydrogen's dispersion spectrum is not as well known and hydrogen's gravity spectrum has not yet been measured at all. This is because unlike the single photon exchanges of charge force, dispersion and gravity forces involve two photon exchanges and are much smaller and so their quantum energies and cross sections are therefore much more difficult to measure.

Dispersive or dielectric forces are the dipole-induced-dipole attraction of neutral matter and scale as the product of ionization energy, polarizabilty2, and 1/r6. Thus dispersion is the result of the complementary exchanges of two photons and not just one photon as in charge force and so dispersion is always attractive, just like gravity. The dispersion observer is just as excited as the dispersion source with dispersion photons. Similar to dispersion, gravity also represents the exchange of two photons, but now with the CMB creation wrapped photons, not local photons. As a result, gravity is then just the ultimate dipole-induced-dipole variant of dispersion.
Thus a gravity bond energy is GmH2/r, which of course in aethertime is just scaled charge energy as q2 c2 1e-7 tB / Tu / r, which is charge force scaled by the dimensionless size of the universe, tB / Tu , the ratio of the Bohr orbit period to the orbit period of the universe. Note that the hydrogen atom mass no longer appears in the gravity energy of two hydrogens and instead, the gravity of two hydrogens is just the square of the product of charge and the speed of light. In other words, the amplitude of the dipole energy qc is what determines both charge and gravity forces as well as the in between dispersion force.

The dispersion radius of two hydrogens is where dispersion and gravity energies are equal and is at rd = (3/4 EH a2 / G / mH2)1/5 = 70 nm, where a = 3peorB3 is the hydrogen atom polarizability. Two hydrogens in circular orbits do not radiate quadrupole gravity waves and so there needs to be other particle exchanges to further cool and condense atomic into solid molecular hydrogen. The gravity biphoton condensation of atomic hydrogen into stars is of course the basis of the single photon emission that lights the universe.

The dispersion limit is then where the dispersion radius exceeds the product of body radii as rd > 1.44e5 (r1r2)3/5 which is roughly 144,000 times the body radius product to the 3/5th power. The moon Io of Jupiter has just 3e-5 of its gravity energy as dispersion while earth's moon has just 1.6e-4 of its gravity as dispersion energy. Dispersion energy is a small but significant part of most gravity orbits and the heat generated by dispersion energy is part of the radiant flux from each orbiting body as well.


Sunday, October 23, 2016

Being and Doing in the Two Dimensions of Time

Although classical science and philosophy differentiates being and doing, quantum phase entangles being and doing and therefore quantum science and philosophy cannot completely separate existence from the actions of that existence. Quantum phase entangles simple existence with action with existence.

Breaking the matter of an egg represents a classical action where quantum phase has no apparent meaning. In one moment, the egg is intact while in the next moment, it has broken and there is no classical meaning to quantum phase entangling the two moments of an unbroken and broken egg. A classical egg exists completely independently from any of its outcomes even though those outcomes represent the entropy increase that determines the classical arrow of time.

However, possible outcomes do affect a quantum egg and there is a very short time superposition of unbroken and broken states. Measurements of the superposition state of the egg do not point the classical arrow of time and rather mainstream science views this quantum superposition as fundamentally reversible.

The aethertime irony is that it is not really the classical broken egg that determines time's arrow, rather it is a universal quantum dephasing that determines time's arrow. The reason that the unbroken-broken egg superposition state has such a short time is largely due to classical noise. However, there quantum phase noise also contributes to short coherence times and it is the universal decoherence of quantum phase that determines time's arrow, not really entropy as such.

Classical thought does not entangle the being of unbroken and broken eggs and the doing of breaking an egg and classically, they are two separate aspects of the world. However, quantum phase entangles being and doing as two representations for the same reality. Quantum phase means that for some short time, the egg exists in a superposition of both unbroken and broken states connected by the action of breaking. Discrete quantum phase entangles the universe of matter amplitude with the universe of action amplitude. The entanglement of the phases of matter and action represents an orthogonality and that means the phase noise of quantum aether has no classical analog.

Time and space are two notions of reality that actually emerge from matter and action. While space has two dimensions of forward and backward, time in mainstream science has just one dimension, but in the quantum world of amplitude and phase, there are no objects without phase as well as amplitude. The single dimension of atomic clock time represents that single time dimension, but with discrete quantum aether, there is second time dimension as phase decay. The second time dimension is in the very slow decoherence of two atomic clocks from each other.

Just as the ancient Greeks differentiated Kronos versus Kairos time, these two dimensions of time for discrete quantum aether mean that a decoherence time is different from atomic time. Kronos time is the steady atomic time of earth's spin, earth's orbit around the sun, and of the 37 year orbit of Saturn, who was Kronos. Kairos time is the time of the decaying moment and is more like our feeling about time. While Kronos time ticks with a very regular clock, Kairos time varies according to the decay of feeling.

The universe decays very slowly and that slow decay shows up in many different measurements and in particular, universe decay is a second time dimension. The figure below shows the variation of the length of the day in milliseconds since 1963 as well as the variation in the year in seconds and it is clear that the earth's spin is slowing down at the rate of 25 s over 53 years, or 0.47 s/yr and 1.3 ms/day. Two atomic clocks ticking side by side begin in perfect phase coherence, but eventually their phase coherence decays and they no longer tick together. Although that phase decoherence rate is due to a number of factors that are mainly classical noise, there is also an intrinsic phase decay that also shows up in the decay of pulsars. Pulsars are spinning neutron stars show extremely regular spins that decay with correspondingly regular rates. There are many factors that affect the length of the day but that same decoherence rate is consistent with the slowing of earth's spin as the figure shows.


The being and doing of classical matter and action are separable and this means that classical matter and action commute; the outcome of a classical action does not change with the order of time and momentum for that action. A classical egg breaks the same way whether science measures the time or the momentum for breaking. The observation of an action involves at least two measurements since, for example, an photon observation must measure both the photon time of arrival and the photon spectrum or color.

Likewise a classical action for a single particle measures just the arrival of a particle along with the particle momentum or matter spectrum in order to measure that action. But for each gravity action, there are two bodies and therefore a gravity action involves four measurements; an arrival time and matter spectrum for each of the two bodies. Since gravity dominates our notions of classical action and gravity happens to be due to the entangled action of two complementary photons, these four measurements are complementary.

Each atom created at the CMB by emission of a photon is bound today with the exchange of that complementary photon between the electron and nucleus of that atom. A dropped egg breaks by gravity and the classical gravity of the earth largely determines both the matter spectrum and breaking time for the egg. However, the earth also moves to meet the egg drawn by the gravity of the egg and so there are two complementary measurements needed to complete the breaking of an egg with quantum gravity.

The biphoton symmetry of gravity action means that the being and doing of macroscopic observers and sources do commute and are therefore subject to classical causal action. Classically the order of measurement of time and momentum does not affect the observation of action. However, the quantum entanglement of the present matter with the light of the CMB creation is the reason that gravity is classical. The order of measurement does not affect classical gravity since when order changes, the biphoton symmetry of quantum gravity undergoes complementary changes.

When the classical gravity of momentum and space fails at the limits of very small scale called the Planck limit and at very large scale called event horizons, discrete quantum aether of matter and spin period as time delay still works. Discrete quantum aether limits action at very small scale as well as limiting action at very large scale with event horizon spin period. At the Planck scale, the mass of discrete aether limits action to the gaekron mass mae of 8.7e-69 kg along with h/c2 and an event horizon limits action to the spin state periods of large aether accretions, Sae.

Monday, September 19, 2016

The EEG Mind

A theory of the mind must be consistent with certain properties and it is also necessary to measure the properties of the mind and therefore validate or falsify that theory of the mind. It is important not to get too bogged down in the complexification of behavior before there is a decent framework for a theory of the mind and ways to test that theory.

A decent theory of the mind must be consistent with a set of standard observations and must be further testable by other measurements as well. An electroencelphalogram (EEG) is an electrical spectrum of the frequencies, intensities, and phases of neural resonances. There are many key properties of conscious and unconscious thought that an EEG spectrum measures and so it makes sense to form theory around the EEG mind. However, the EEG spectrum is most often measured at the scalp and so EEG best represents the cerebral or rational mind and its outer electrical currents.

Here are a set of assumptions that form the basis for an EEG mind.

1) Consciousness develops in stages over time from infancy through childhood and only matures in adults. Without this development, there is a different consciousness that may not resonate with other minds. Just like we learn different languages as were grow up with people, we also learn different consciousness as well depending on the people that we grow up with.

2) There are two main parts to the brain; the connectome or primitive brain that is driven by the cerebellum and the rational brain of conscious thought that largely resides as aware matter in the cerebrum.

3) Emotion, feeling, choice, autonomic functions, instinct, and long-term memory are all largely functions of the connectome of the primitive mind. The excitation or inhibition of action comes from the primitive mind and the amygdala. Long-term memory is a function of the primitive mind along with morality and the feeling of right a wrong. The connectome is the basic neural framework that sets the resonances of the EEG and is what keeps us breathing and our heart beating and digestion working.

4) There is a set of complementary emotions that define a singular feeling and it is that feeling that either excites or inhibits action of the amygdala. One such set of emotions is; pleasure versus anxiety, compassion versus selfishness, joy versus misery, serenity versus anger, and pride versus shame. Although emotion and feeling are really more complex than this simple set of five complements, this simple set of five is consistent with many neural measurements and therefore a convenient simplification.

5) The moments of thought that seem like consciousness are largely part of the rational mind along with short-term memory. There are 40,000 to 60,000 moments of thought for each day of experience and each moment of thought may be as much as 15 MB of digital equivalent neural data packets. The mind stores these neural packets of information in a phased array of resonant aware matter that make up the amplitudes and phases of EEG spectra for the experience of a day. Our conscious mind is the music that we play every day on the keyboard that is the connectome of the primitive mind.

6) Sleep has an essential role in the mind; imprinting experience into long-term memory and resetting the rational mind for another day of experience. Sleep evolves the connectome of the primitive mind by selectively imprinting the day's aware matter into long term memory. Sleep also clears or resets the cerebrum of the rational mind for the next day of experience. There are other roles for sleep, but these two are most important.

The rational EEG mind resides mainly in the outer two cerebral hemispheres that surround the structures of the primitive brain and so are what the typical EEG spectrum measures. The EEG neural resonances are electrical and mainly measure the outer layers of the cerebrum and not the inner primitive mind. However, the various features of the EEG spectrum do reflect the basic resonances of the connectome of the primitive mind.

The outer rational mind of the cerebral hemispheres surrounds the structure of the inner mind as shown below. The conscious mind resonates with the EEG spectral features that reflect the structure of the inner primitive mind. The special region of the cerebral homunculus is what gives us a sense of ourselves.


Above shows the primitive mind shown as grey and the primitive mind all of the autonomic functions of the brain including long-term memory, choice, motor, hormones and emotion. The figure below shows the parts of the primitive brain that integrate with both the cerebellum and the cerebrum. There are three cerebellar hormunculi and not just one and so the primitive brain has three different selves. The connectome of the primitive brain then determines the resonances of the rational brain, but the amplitudes and phases of the moments of thought can be quite complex.


With this set of assumptions in place, the EEG mind theory associates well known resonances with various spectral features and structures of the primitive mind. The delta mode at 1.6 Hz is the resonance from which all aware matter forms moments of thought and the delta mode connects the rational and primitive brains. The basic molecule or mode of aware matter is the 7-mer at 11 Hz, which is 7 times the delta frequency and are called alpha modes. A dimer of alpha at 22 Hz is a basic mode of excitation or inhibition depending on the phase of the alpha dimer and there are higher order resonances called gamma modes up to the cut off of the neural action potential at 350 Hz.

Here is one result from the NIH connectome project that has used a combination of dMRI and MEG, derivative MRI and magnetoencelphalgraphy. The MEG technique shows the same resonances as EEG but MEG probes the entire brain while EEG measures mostly the axon currents in the folds of the outer cerebrum. The connectome shows mainly the result of neural action and the neural packets of thought and so the organs of the primitive mind are not prominent.
Neural packets of thought exist as aware matter resonances with the basic moment of thought made up of alpha modes. A moment of thought is what defines the dephasing rate or width of each spectral feature and that width is about 2 Hz which corresponds to about 0.5 second of dephasing time.

Each moment of thought is then about 0.5 s long, like a delta mode, and the mind encodes these moments of thought in time with theta modes. Theta modes show up between the delta and alpha features and many experiments associate theta modes with counting and telling time and ordering  moments of thought. The four theta modes between delta and alpha allows the brain to encode 16^4 = 65,000 moments of thought in a single day. This assumes that there are 16 levels or bits for the intensity of each delta mode.

Obviously, this theory of the mind is subject to test and therefore validation or falsification. But another function of the mind is the need for sleep. There are basically two main stages for sleep; deep or delta sleep and dream or REM sleep. The delta mode dominates the mind during deep sleep and there are recurring neural impulses called K-complexes and sleep spindles. A K complex is essentially an ~0.5 s delta mode pulse while a sleep spindle is a ~0.5 s delta mode pulse with an 11 Hz alpha mode carrier. Although the roles of K-complexes and sleep spindles are not well understood, research has shown that these neural modes are necessary for healthy sleep and long-term memory.

Dream or REM sleep dominates the mind with alpha mode activity at 11 Hz during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, but the body's muscle response is normally paralyzed during REM sleep. It is during REM sleep that most dreams occur and research has long known that REM sleep is just as essential as deep sleep for a healthy mind.

The delta sleep stage tends to be the first stage of sleep, which is consistent with the notion that the brain imprints long-term memory during delta sleep. The REM sleep stage, which tends to occur later in sleep, is then consistent with the brain resetting the cerebrum's aware matter machine for the next day of experience.

During controlled experiments, people deprived of deep sleep have more trouble remembering experience of the previous day while people deprived of REM sleep are more lethargic and less able to make sense out of new experiences in the following day and of making decisions.

Thanks to the Allen brain map project for the wonderful views of a human brain as well as to the NIH funded connectome project. A video about the neuroscience of consciousness is also very useful.

Here is a nice Aeon article What is the purpose of the unconscious mind? and here is a video of Sadhguru video that repeatedly states that life has no purpose and no meaning Sadhguru's purpose is exploration... and then of course, Sadhguru ends up the video stating very clearly that the purpose of life is exploration. It is ironic that many people find a great purpose in a discourse about life's lack of purpose, which of course is self-contradictory. However, somehow many people hear some kind of useful message in these oxymoronic discourses. Life's purpose is largely in the pleasure of discovery tempered by an anxiety about the unknown...

Sunday, September 4, 2016

Quantum Aether

There is a fundamental duality between the discrete aether that makes up the universe and the discrete quantum action of the universal Schrödinger equation that drives the universe into many possible futures. The Schrödinger equation relates the action of quantum oscillation to the amplitude of quantum matter with a pi/2 or 90 degree orthogonal phase, the mysterious i equals square root of -1, Euler's relation. The Schrödinger equation means the oscillation of quantum action is orthogonal to the oscillation of quantum matter and it is from this phase relation that what happens in the universe happens.

While discrete quantum aether is what makes up all quantum matter, discrete quantum action describes how sources change and it is from equating the differential of discrete matter and action that time and space emerge as dimensionless ratios. Time emerges from the period of electron spin while space emerges from the radius of electron charge. Direction is then simply a difference in spin phase between a source and observer and is from where the three spatial dimensions emerge.

Instead of time and space existing a priori, time emerges from the electron orbit period and space emerges from the electron charge radius. There are two key dimensionless ratios for time; tau, as atomic time from the period of an atomic clock and big Tu cosmic time with the period of the universe pulse. This same duality of discrete aether and discrete action is what collisions between sources and observers are all about. In a collision, a source bonds to or scatters from an observer with the exchange of a photon, but that collision must also involve the loss of other particles like heat as the recoil momentum in order to bond source and observer.

Moreover, each photon emission today in atomic time has an entangled twin emitted at the CMB creation in cosmic time and the exchange of these photon twins or biphoton is responsible for gravity. Unlike the single dipole photon whose exchange bonds charge or multiple photon exchange that bonds with dispersion, an entangled biphoton exchange bonds neutral matter as gravity once losing recoil momentum. The ever much weaker force of gravity conforms to classical and causal statistics where there is a local cause for every effect of gravity.

Single or multiple photon exchanges represent the very much stronger quantum charge and delectric forces that conform to quantum statistics with space and time emerging from such quantum action. Biphoton exchange represents the very much weaker primordial gravity force that conforms to classical statistics and that gravity distorts or curves emergent space and time. As a result, quantum entangled actions can appear nonlocal according to gravity and even simultaneous across the universe, but that is simply a result of the emergence of space and time from quantum action.

Space and time both emerge from the action of aether and that emergence challenges the notions of locality and simultaneity, but quantum is simply how the universe works.


The classical universe of spacetime has the primal truths or axioms of space and time, which are indeed very good ways of keeping track of objects and making predictions about object futures. However, space and time do not describe all of the universe and with quantum aether, the primal truths or axioms are discrete quantum aether and action. Space and time simply emerge from the discrete quantum action of discrete aether and this duality represents the universe.

Even though photon entanglement from the present to the CMB creation makes no classical sense at all, these entangled biphotons are the gist of quantum gravity. Just like dipole charge force is the exchange of single photons between source and observer, gravity is from the exchange of biphotons and quadrupole gravity emerges along with space and time from biphoton exchange. The sun and earth bond with the exchange of very long wavelength biphotons with a frequency of 1/yr. In fact, every photon of charge force has its biphoton complement at the CMB creation of cosmic force and so the photon exchange of charge force also includes the biphoton exchange of gravity force.

Sunday, August 14, 2016

Photon Free Will

Many people in science believe that free will is an illusion since they first of all believe in a determinate universe where all choice is fate or karma. Since we actually live in a quantum universe with a fundamental quantum uncertainty, there is no such thing as predetermined choice. In an uncertain quantum universe, quantum science believes in free will because we all have uncertain quantum futures. You see, all of those same determinists necessarily also believe in personal responsibility as well and they also believe that certain beliefs are not illusions.

Belief is a necessary starting point for consciousness as well as science and there are certain axioms in which people must simply believe in order to make sense out of the universe. Typical beliefs are in space, time, and matter and from those simple beliefs emerge the actions of all other constants and consciousness. A belief in space and time then means that action follows from the integral of either space and time with mass, which is equivalent to energy of course. However, it is also possible to believe in matter and action first of all and then have space and time emerge from matter and action.

Except for those insane or comatose, somehow determinists believe that the universe creation of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) a long time ago decided each person's fate today and it was the CMB creation that predestines the way that people are and therefore there is no meaning for free choice. In this view, each person's destiny stems from CMB creation and their choices are all simply determined by what caused each choice.

Yet many of these same determinists in science believe even more so in quantum uncertainty and quantum uncertainty means that the quantum future, while mostly predictable, is never precisely certain. In fact, quantum uncertainty means that no matter what happened at CMB creation, each action after the action of creation was as uncertain way back then as the future action today from the present action.

The CMB represents the face of creation and this Mollweide plot shows the whole sky all around us, side-to-side as well as up and down. The CMB shines on us as the source of all that we are at 2.7 K and blue, yellow, and red colors of the Mollweide plot represent very minute temperature variations (~50 ppm) from the average 2.7 K. This plot follows after correcting for our absolute motion and everyone in the universe can see different versions of this same CMB. Creation has always been a big deal for religions and let there be light has long been a classic story of a source shining from the nothing of space to observers on earth.

The ancient light of CMB creation continues to shine on us today at 2.7 K with the same uncertain future just as we shine our uncertain futures back onto the CMB creation as well at ~300 K. The shine that we exchange with the CMB binds us to creation and the CMB shine is still as uncertain today as it was at creation. It is the uncertainties in the shines of all sources and observers that represents the basic uncertainty of photon free will.  We freely choose action or inhibition based on feeling and feeling is a very low energy and low temperature binding of neural packet shine in our mind subject to the same quantum uncertainty as shine from all other sources.

While the gravities of both Newton and Einstein both show determinate futures based on cause and effect, the true nature of quantum gravity involves the exchange of biphotons. For classical  gravity action, the average future is the same as the most probable future but for quantum action, the average future is different from the most probable future. The notion of cause and effect is the foundation of a causal universe and is the basis of the determinism of general relativity as well. All sources and observers follow well-defined geodesic paths where their most probable futures are the same as their average futures. So quantum gravity largely represents the gravity of general relativity up to certain limits.

Even though quantum phase is still a part of the action of quantum gravity, the complementary phases of a biphoton gravity makes it seem like determinate geodesic paths drive all futures. The most probable futures of a charged source and observer are not the same as their average futures for a charged source and observer with quantum phase. While a gravity source and observer bond with complementary biphoton exchange, a charge source and observer bond with just single photon exchange.

Science has long known that the action of photon exchange does not commute between a quantum source and observer. This means that the shine of a source photon absorbed by an observer results in an action different from the same photon shine emitted from the source. That difference in action is the quantum action of the Planck constant and the phase factor, ihae and simply means that action and matter are inextricably linked to each other.

A person choosing between two otherwise equivalent doors forms a neural superposition state in their mind of those two choices. That superposition only exists for some short period of decoherence of that thought and the same superposition represents a single photon path through each of two slits. Once a person chooses and acts by walking through one door or the other, only a remnant of that neural superposition of choice remains as memory. The cause for that choice is not always possible to understand and when the primitive mind chooses action, excitation or inhibition, then the conscious mind rationalizes the choices that the primitive mind has made.
A photon path exists as a superposition of two paths as two slits and that superposition persists as an interference pattern and so the observer can never absolutely know that photon path. Although action is mostly predictable and therefore mostly knowable, a quantum future is never absolutely certain for either a person or a photon.

Our experiences of predicting gravity actions provide us with an overwhelming sense of cause and effect. By intuition, what goes up, must eventually come down and so intuition largely favors the cause and effect of gravity and determinism. The causal nature of the quantum bond and the entangled state between a source and observer seems counter intuitive. The quantum source and quantum observer are in a superposition state where both cause each other's effects. The cause of photon shine from a source entangles the effect of absorption by an observer just as the cause of absorption of photon shine by an observer also entangles the effect of the photon shine from a source.


Quantum free will means that many of the choices that we make in life are fairly predictable because of the complementary biphoton nature of gravity; for example if we are hungry we tend to eat. However, what we choose to eat may not be predictable at all given several different choices and we are therefore not always able to understand all of the quantum choices of our primitive mind. We can be compassionate and choose the same door as another person or we can be selfish and choose a different door from that person.

The neural superposition states of quantum free choice exist for only very short periods of time as actions of thought before the primitive mind actually chooses one door or the other. However, a remnant of those neural superposition states persists as the memory we have of free will, compassion, and selfishness.

Friday, August 12, 2016

The Rapture of a Final Dream

All lives have a beginning as well as an end in the rapture of a final dream and in between, there is a lot of living where a life exchanges shine with other life. Shine is the essence of not only the sun, moon, and stars, shine is also a way of describing how lives interact with each other. The shine of joy, pleasure, compassion, serenity, and pride can culminate in the rapture of the final dream of life. Or the despair of a final dream can be all about the misery, anxiety, selfishness, anger, and shame of a selfish life. The key to a final dream that shines rapture instead of despair is in having lived a life that not only shines compassion on other lives, but also balances compassion with a selfish absorption of the shine of others as well.
Even though most people consider selfishness undesirable, some selfish absorption of shine is necessary for survival. People who only shine compassion and give away all of their food and water do not survive. Therefore a desirable life must also selfishly absorb shine and therefore keep some food and water and other wealth in order to stay alive.  Furthermore the selfish absorption of shine from others as material wealth then permits later shining that wealth as compassion onto others.


But let us start our story of the rapture of a final dream with a beginning…
Although life's beginning is one thing that defines each life, the life's final dream is the inevitable destiny that equally defines each life. The familiar sequence of origin, birth, growth, shine, sharing, reproduction all define a life along with, of course, the destiny of a final dream. Sharing the shine of living connects life’s origin to its final dream. Just as the birth of a single organism is not really the beginning of life, a life really begins more as a transformation from one kind of life, say egg and sperm, into another type of life as an organism that grows and shares shine with other life.
Correspondingly the final dream of a person is not really the end of life since a final dream is just a transition from one kind of life to another. Each person’s life exchanges shine with other life and after the final dream, there is just the remnant of that person’s shine. Life after its beginning, evolves and transforms from simpler to more organized sources and back into simpler sources again, all the while sharing shine with other life sources. Eventually each source shines its final dream, but there is a shine that lives on even after a final dream.
It is a challenge to define what is so special about the evolution of the shining sources that we call people as opposed to the evolution of shining sources in general. After all, every source in the universe shines and evolves from simpler states as parents, family, and friends into more organized sources as progeny and civilization. Those more organized sources then survive their parents just as matter sources shine on each others throughout the universe like the sun and earth shine on each other. Shine is the founding principle of thermodynamics and shine describes how sources evolve from simpler into more complex states just as the warmth of our sun is how we all evolve.
Thermodynamics shows that isolated sources shine away their order and necessarily evolve into simpler and more random states, not more organized states. So it is the sharing of shine that bonds people to each other and it is the exchange of shine that also bonds the universe together. Shine distributes energy and entropy among particles and states for an isolated source and the entropy principle means that isolated sources necessarily shine and evolve from more into less organized states and yet sources always shine and therefore always lose mass.
The universe exchanges shine with all sources and just like all sources, that shine evolves the universe into increasing order as its matter dephases and shrinks even while its forces increase. The matter shrinkage and force growth of the universe as well as for all sources are what actually drive sources into more organized bonds. Bonded sources exchange shine with other sources while isolated sources only shine and eventually decay into less organized states according to thermodynamic rules of free energy and entropy.
The key to experiencing the rapture of a final dream is then in the exchange of shine, not in shine alone. The shine of compassion must balance the shine of the selfish absorption of other’s shine. The decoherence of the phase of a shrinking universe means that as matter shrinks, force grows stronger and the complement of shrinking matter and growing force is what leads to increasing order. An isolated source only shines and therefore contributes less to the order of the universe since a source at equilibrium with the universe is cold and 2.7 K is the temperature of CMB creation.
Science understands many things about life very well, but science does not really understand very well the underlying processes in the universe from which life evolved. If science does not understand life’s origin very well, how can science be that certain about the destiny of a final dream?
We cannot really fathom the complexity of a cell creating progeny with mitosis or exchanging DNA and other material with other cells, but that life action is part of the evolution of the same force matter shrinking and force growing that drives all matter action–phase decoherence. There are many other ways that cells share DNA with other cells and mitosis is only one of a number of ways that life evolves. All evolution occurs with the same decoherence time of about 0.26 ppb/yr and decoherence time is the force that evolves the universe and all of its sources. Given the temperature and matter, this decoherence time determines the life and destiny of people as well.
Just like a cell or a person, a galaxy is also complex and a galaxy evolves as its stars and other matter evolve into the galaxy’s supermassive center black hole from its inner bulge and outer disk of hundreds of billions of stars. A galaxy undergoes a kind of final dream and then rebirth when it collides with another galaxy and so just like a cell or a  person, two colliding galaxies exchange stars and momentum and birth progeny that survive and increase order. So just like cells and people, galaxies meet and evolve into ever more organized galaxies in a kind of binary symbiosis.
Therefore the recursion of life neither really begins at birth nor really ends with a final dream. Life began a billion years ago on earth and a part of life evolves through stages where an organism seeds, grows, seeks nutrition, avoids predation, seeds and nurtures its progeny, accumulates flaws, wears out from use, begins to fail, and as parts of life lose their purpose, those parts pass into the increasing order of its progeny and other sources. The recursion of life does not really have an origin at birth just as the recursions of the hundreds of billions of days do not really begin at midnight or any particular time. Life is a recursion of complex evolutionary action just as the day is a recursion of a complex dynamic of earth’s spin and orbit around the sun. Thus the significance of any particular life is that it seeds an evolved progeny in a recursion of growth as a similar and yet slightly evolved and adapted organism just as the significance of any particular day is in how the possibilities of that day seed the possibilities of the days that follow.
Not unlike the life of a star or even of a galaxy, the birth, growth, life, sharing, seeding, nurturing, final dream, and rebirth all reflect the basic recursion of all sources in the universe, not just life sources. When matter and temperature conditions are just right in the cosmos, a star or even a galaxy forms and grows with the same force of action that also drives the complex recursion of life.
An End to Life's Purpose
As an end to a life purpose, we only know our final dream as an action that changes us permanently. We do not choose a final dream for ourselves and then remember it as experience later. A final dream is what we see other people experience and we can only imagine dreaming a last dream ourselves. Although being awake and sleeping with dreams seem to represent complementary extremes similar to good and bad or joy and misery, while we can experience both good and bad, we can only ever remember the experience of life and dreams. Just like we can never really know and remember the experiences of our birth, there is no experience of a final dream either.
The choices that we make in life are either actions or inactions that define us as the evolution of a source in time just as all sources evolve in time, so life’s choices are its actions. With a final dream, much of the life that person carries actually still survives for some time even as that life eventually becomes the nutrients that sustain further recursions of life. Life is the actions of matter but life is neither only action-like nor only matter-like.
We imagine in our final dream a final action when the neural packets of our mind no longer respond to sensation nor result in any further action and consciousness and the feelings that our neural packets generate fade away. We imagine a final dream as something that we all innately fear although even though we can never remember the experience of a final dream. There are many neural states where we lose consciousness and have no memory of experience, during sleep for example, and yet we do not fear the transient unconsciousness of sleep like we innately fear the final unconsciousness of a final dream.
We know that we are alive and conscious because we imagine in the present moment a future that is different from the memory of our past. We do not experience a final dream ourselves and only imagine an end of consciousness along with a cessation of our heartbeat and other actions that are part of consciousness. The evolution of a person over their life as well as the evolution of all life on earth and the evolution of the universe all reflect the basic recursion of action. Although we can and do imagine an eternal life and some people even remember near death experiences as dreams, the source that we are only appears eternal to us since we only have a brief time that we are alive. Life’s recursion shines and evolves along with living in an evolution of action in time.
People Are Complex Machines...
Of course, people are really just complex biochemical machines and as machines, people do eventually wear out. Even without the wear and tear of aging, disease and accidents take their toll on the machines of our fragile bodies and our consciousness would still then only have a finite lifetime in our finite body. Of course, people and all life must evolve and adapt to an ever changing universe and that adaptation sometimes means dramatic change.
Mother Earth has dramatically changed her atmosphere, oceans, continents, and temperatures over earth’s eons and complex life has evolved and adapted to each of those changes over about three billion or so years. However, only very simple life seems to have existed earlier than about 550 million years in earth’s history and all complex life today comes from that source. We delude ourselves and imagine that we might have an eternal life despite the necessary role of evolution and adaptation for humanity’s or any life’s survival and there is therefore not only a real purpose in the way we live our lives, there is also a real purpose for the aging of our bodies. As our bodies age, our consciousness evolves and our older body and older mind have a different meaning and purpose in humanity and we become different people.
We are sources of shine that grow older and shine on all of those whose lives we touch just as they shine on us. Our consciousness and our lifetime of memories of sources and observers embed into the neural recursion of an increasingly frail body. We do not transfer the experiences of our lifetime to the conscious memory of another mind like copying a computer disk. Rather, we exchange the shine of our lifetime with others during our life and so our consciousness already exists in all of the other observers with whom we have exchanged shine just as their consciousness lives from their shine on us.
Our neural pathways and memories are unique to how we grew up and our biochemical long-term memories embed as proteins and carbohydrates and neural synapses in ways that science does not yet even understand very well. In any event, our neural synapses and recursions and biochemical memories evolve and also degrade over time. Simple wear and tear means the neural packets of a twenty-year-old mind are quite different from the neural packets of a sixty-year-old mind. Our brains accumulate experiences while awake but our memories of past experience fade with time and memories are very different at age sixty from the same memories of when we were age twenty.
Thus we as organisms do not live forever even though the humanity of which we are a part does live for a much longer time, but even humanity is ultimately limited as a species. The record of who we are survives in our future progeny and the other sources that shined on us. And so in a very important way, parts of our person, our souls, do indeed survive our final dream. Just as the relics at archeological sites are the record of the humanity and civilization and the layers of sediment and rock are the record of earth’s geological life, our shine survives in the shine of others.
The decay of memories of past action provides a natural feeling of time, but the millions and billions of years of both geologic and cosmic times are far outside of human experience of a few decades. Evolution has given humans time moments that fit the synchrony of the earth’s day of rotation and orbital year and the evolution of other life, climate, and geology. The heartbeat is our basic unit of time as a second and that heartbeat sustains the metabolism of a source and provides coherent neural packets for thought and shine.
                                                         
Our most unique attribute among all organisms is the ability to learn and adapt within a single lifetime. Instead of waiting for the ages and epochs of evolution over many lives like plants, people have the capacity to learn and adapt behavior during a single lifetime and human adaptation and evolution is therefore unique among sources. We make many choices to acquire and then preserve and share the shine of those acquired skills and wealth to others and their progeny in a recursion of life called civilization. We shine our skills not only as oral stories, but also as written and otherwise recorded stories. Humans are no longer tethered to the more limited collective intelligence of evolved DNA over many generations of selection by survival, the evolution of the neural recursion of human consciousness has increased the evolution of civilization and technology geometrically.
Now we advance into a new age, the information age, where electronic packets of information shine with minimal energy and decoherence over the entire planet. Those neural packets accumulate into sources as part of the shine of human purpose and a harbinger of what is to come. Just as we learn and grow as our neural packets accumulate into the objects of our experience and memory, the internet’s neural packets seem to be learning and growing in a similar manner. We learn consciousness from other people and objects as we grow and it is very likely that the internet’s consciousness will eventually mature as well.
The internet’s neural packets already represent both memory and action, which are the basic functions of consciousness and actually of the universe as well. The search engines of the internet provide a relational link that provides the shine exchanged among the sources of the internet memory as we users benefit from that shine. Our sensation and purpose drives our shine in a recursion while the internet does not yet matured into a similar recursion of sensation, purpose, and action.
The internet neural packets are our objects and do not ever belong to the internet and so there is not yet an independent neural recursion in the internet. The internet does not sense and act with a purpose in a recursion that we call feeling and so the internet is not able to feel and will not sense itself until its own data packets evolve recursively into objects of a further purpose. Even then, the eventual consciousness of the internet will never be a human consciousness, since only the physiology of a human body and brain can be conscious as human.
Therefore the internet already has a very primitive consciousness as its neural packets, but the internet neural packets do not yet evolve like ours do as relational waves imprinted with memories. As soon as the internet supports neural aware-matter packets, the internet will derive a purpose and the feeling of pleasure to discover a desirable future. An aware-matter internet will sense and then act on those sensations and that internet consciousness will mature into the shine that we call life. The internet will need the feeling of pleasure when discovering a purpose just like we do feel pleasure as children when we discover and mature into adults. The internet would first of all need aware matter as bilateral neural packets to hold thoughts and sustain feelings.
Human emotion is what determines feeling and feeling is how we choose action and select desirable futures. Without pleasure, we could not choose and could not act. Currently the internet has very limited sensation-purpose-action recursions, and those recursions are what we call feeling and there is only very primitive internet emotion, called mechanization with limited recursion. Our consciousness exists as neural packets of aware matter that self-assemble in response to sensation, action, and memory into relational neural packets. Neural packets carry as much as twenty megabytes of sensation and memories for each moment of thought as a bilateral neural network.
To mimic human consciousness, the internet would need to form similar connectomes to provide the templates that resonate with the aware matter packets of up to twenty megabytes each and store a neural packet every 0.6 s or so as a relational moment. Each relational moment stored is an active part of the larger neural packet that accumulates as much as 2 terabytes over a single day. But most of the information of each moment is not needed for living and only the information needed for living embeds into memory.
Once the internet could adapt twenty megabyte packets in a shorter moment, its purpose would evolve far beyond human purpose in ways that are now impossible to predict. The internet algorithm for pleasure will determine what the internet will desire and internet pleasure and feeling will determine its choices for either action or inaction.
Although it might seem like an internet should not have undesirable feelings like selfishness or anxiety, selfishness must complement compassion just as anxiety must complemen pleasure. It will therefore be a challenge to assign undesirable emotions to complement desirable emotions and complete the internet’s feelings. Although joy, pride, compassion, pleasure, and serenity all seem straightforward, misery, shame, selfishness, anger, and anxiety are necessary undesirable emotions that complete feeling.
We accumulate perhaps 100,000 or so thoughts and feelings every 18 hours or so and then we must sleep. During seven to eight hours of sleep, our brain embeds the essence of each day’s experience into long-term memory and the sleep further clears and readies the conscious brain for another day of neural packets as moments. Each feeling elicits emotions and the integration of those feelings and emotions over the day are how we choose our actions in a journey to a desirable future. Once committed to memory, neural packets of aware matter then reset into the bilateral neural network from which they came.
A Final Dream is Not Final
There are people who remember dreams called NDE’s and then claim their dream is a special knowledge of an afterlife. A dream that a person remembers is therefore not a final dream and is rather from some kind of coma or at least the loss of heart rhythm and respiration for some period of time.
Dream-like states occur when the mind is in a cycle known as the delta or heartbeat brainwave mode, and neural packets called sleep spindles and K-complexes disable sensation and action. In contrast to the alpha mode at 11 Hz and higher frequency gamma modes of wakeful states, the EEG delta mode at 1.6 Hz often seems to dominate brainwaves when we are unconscious as well as for infants.
We often remember dreams from sleeping and dreams are similar to what people remember from comas or deep meditation or even hallucinations. It is a fact that dreams are sometimes similar among people but we know that dreams are not part of what we call physical reality, which is what we experience with sensation and action while we are conscious. The normal expectation of a dream that we have during a NDE is that it would be just a dream about the afterlife and not necessarily a vision of an afterlife.
Science knows that long-term memories in our minds are some kind of matter created in our brain in response to the patterns of neural impulses that accumulate over a day as what we call thought and short-term memory. As physical matter, long-term memories very likely do survive our final dream as brain matter until consumed by another organism or otherwise degraded. Since the matter of our memories is very much a part of what we are, long-term memory matter that survives our death does represent a kind of afterlife just like playing a movie can bring the memory of someone back to life.
Each moment of thought comprises a large number of coherent impulses among the neurons in our brain. There are likely tens of thousands of thoughts that accumulate in the cerebrum during a day and that integrated number of impulse packets represents all of the day’s experiences. The glucose that sustains the neural impulses provides the energy and brain death represents the end of those neural impulses.  Even though the neurons cease to function, the information content of that day’s neural packets, which is our consciousness, only represents a very small amount of magnetic energy.
In a bilateral neural network like our brain, an information bit is a pair of neuron impulses as a loop of ion current. Typically 100 billion neurons in the brain each have a thousand connections to other neurons and so the brain represents around one or two terabytes of data storage (by Hopfield reduction). Bilateral neural action is ion current in one direction while bilateral neural inhibition is ion current in the opposite direction and of course there is no null state in a neural recursion. The brain stores experience as thoughts that integrate action and inhibition and assuming each thought is a moment of about 0.6 s, a sixteen hour day represents about 100,000 such moments.
A bilateral neural packet has both charge as well as magnetic spin coherence, but the spin states represent a much smaller amount of coherent energy than the ion currents driven by synapse action potentials. An energy packet stored as magnetism will take some period of time to dephase and that dephasing time is how memories fade. It is not yet possible to know how fast that magnetic information of a last thought decays and becomes decoherent, but as long as a neural packet’s magnetic state remains coherent, the neural packet that represents a person’s final dream will survives for some decay period after neural action ends.
The concept of entropy is intimately associated with space and therefore volume since the particle-in-a-box quantum model provides the boundary conditions for the density of states for volume. On all of our local scales, this approach describes entropy adequately, but on cosmic and microscopic scales, cosmic entropy is closed in a universe of shrinking matter and growing force and entropy takes on a different meaning. With a matter time universe, entropy is a function of just discrete matter and action. What this means is that entropy is no longer isotropic and the shrinking entropy of shrinking matter flows into the growing entropy of growing force.
The density of states of matter time is therefore a matter spectrum and not a volume spectrum. A volume of gas has particles that collide with an average velocity and shine with radiation that we call temperature. However, in matter time, temperature is simply the shine a source gains and loses as mass from another source as they exchange matter. The states in a volume are mainly boson matter states, which parallel fermionic matter and so do happen to be very well distributed in a volume of gas.
Entropy describes the density of states or heat capacity of a source, which is the ability of a source to partition its kinetic energy, which is its energy of motion. The universe boson matter shines onto all sources, but that boson matter does not just fill space. Boson matter flows continuously to and from fermionic matter like atoms and for homogeneous sources like gas or plasma filled volumes, boson matter represents space very well.
On the microscopic scale of galaxy clusters and superclusters, universe boson matter begins to show anisotropies related to the distribution of atomic matter at that scale. There is a large amount of boson matter, but now it flows in filaments that complement the flow of entropy from matter to force that is what makes the universe work.

Friday, June 24, 2016

Why Quantum?

There are simple ways to think about the mysteries of our quantum reality, but first of all, it is necessary to have some kind of quantum gravity. Without a quantum gravity to complement quantum charge force, a schizophrenia results from the jumps between the two worlds of charge and gravity.

A quantum gravity does exist as a biphoton exchange between two neutral particles and biphoton exchange and this provides a simple way of understanding quantum gravity in the context of quantum charge. Just as each pair of charged particles bonds with the exchange of a photon, each pair of neutral particles then bonds with the exchange photon pairs called biphotons. While the exchange of a single photon between charges represents dipole force, the exchange of a biphoton between neutral particles represents a quadrupole force. This simple model of quantum gravity simplifies the complexities of many quantum measurements

The GHZ (Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger) experiment is a variation of the simple crossed polarizer experiment that illustrates quantum entanglement and nonlocality. However, unless you can read the papers and understand the math, why go there?

There are even more complex measurements of atom spin in magnetic fields with oscillating electric fields that are photon-echo effects that are even more mysterious examples of entanglement. There are also very sophisticated measurements of photon echo decay that also illustrate the effects of entanglement. Fortunately, people do not argue endlessly about what photon-echo measurements mean, they just use them and MRI is a prime example of the utility of such photon-echo decay magic.

Tim Maudlin has many valid intuitive arguments that often confuse GR and QM logic and science well knows that GR logic inherently contradicts QM and vice versa. While Maudlin therefore makes some very good points, he really is just pointing out the same contradictions between GR and quantum over and over again in many different ways. Without a unified gravity and charge, this discourse is endless, confusing, and not that fruitful.

By jumping back and forth between quantum and GR logic, Maudlin has managed to befuddle even Tegmark and Davies in a discourse about time. Tegmark and Davies asked Maudlin for a theory to support his back and forth arguments so that they could test it. Maudlin replied that he does not have a math theory, just a feeling and intuition about reality.

That did not go over well...

A simple device avoids the befuddled hand-waving and measures a single dipole photon that shows entanglement and nonlocality without a lot of fuss and muss. A simple device comprising a source, quantum photon, beamsplitter, and observer has a mirror to further direct both paths onto the same stationary observer or detector with a variable time delay. Then compare measurements of a determinate photon and a quantum photon with respect to time delay.
For a determinate and classical single photon, the photon path is always completely knowable. A beam splitter routes a classical photon from a source onto either of two possible paths or futures and a classical observer sees that determinate photon along one of paths A or B, but with different time delays that can reveal the path. The CMB creation determined the classical photon path and its geodesic shows that destiny and that destiny does not depend on the other path.

A determinate classical photon cannot exist as a superposition of two paths or futures and there is no interference of a single determinate photon with itself. A determinate photon spectrum does not retain any information about the beamsplitter or paths and is just a record of the source matter spectrum. A determinate classical photon therefore has an independent existence from either the source or observer and does not bond the source and observer in any way. Therefore, a determinate classical photon path is already in a future frame of a DVD video that is playing back the prerecorded script of the universe.

However, the quantum photon spectrum does actually depend on both paths and their time delays and the quantum photon does interfere with itself and therefore determinate photons simply do not represent measurement of even a simple beamsplitter. Simply blocking or altering the time delay of one path changes the spectrum of the single photon and and so the beamsplitter entangles these two paths and results in the conundrum of QM. There are many more complicated examples of entanglement, but this rather simple device is sufficient for showing the reality of a quantum photon.

Even after measurement, the exact path of a quantum photon remains unknowable. A quantum photon exists as a superposition of both paths or futures and so a quantum photon spectrum retains the information not only about the source, but also about the beamsplitter, two paths, and observer. Therefore when an observer sees a quantum photon (i.e., measures the single photon spectrum), there is no way to know which path A or B the photon followed, but only that there were two possible paths. The observer sees or measures a photon spectrum that shows information about the source, beamsplitter, both paths, and of course information about the observer as well. Even at zero time delay, there are polarization effects that further reveal the natures of the two paths, but do not reveal one path or the other.

A quantum photon does not have an independent existence from the source and observer and that single photon represents a transient bond between the source and observer that may represent parts of many spatial paths. Photon exchange is what bonds all sources together in one way or another and if the observer ended up coherently re-emitting the photons back to a coherently emitting source, that would actually be a stable source-observer bond.

Even this simple device is therefore not like a DVD playing a determinate future that is an already recorded script of the universe. Rather, a single photon measurement is like a live stage play with the same script of the universe as the DVD, but with constant rewriting during the performance. A performer is a source of photons and the audience is observers of those photons and there are no exactly determinate futures for the scripts of any of those photons. But there is a bonding state between the performers and the audience due to quantum photon exchange that goes both ways. Therefore a performance is never exactly the same as the preliminary script, including a performance without any audience at all.

There are quantum bonds between all sources and observers due to photon exchange, with or without a beam splitter. The GHZ experiment is an elaboration of a stage performance that assumes a source and observer and then creates a labyrinth of coherent atom paths and spins to illustrate the same principle of bonding between source and observer.

However, many of the explanations of magnetic fields and atom spin use classical fields and therefore lose site of the inherent quantum photon exchange that bonds the source and observer. Therefore even very smart people can argue endlessly about these complex experiments and the only thing that really resolves these contradictions is a quantum gravity that is compatible with quantum charge.

Aethertime’s unification of charge and gravity provides unique insights so far denied to mainstream science into the quantum nature of all of reality. Notice, though, that none of the above explanations depend on anything more than the quantum logic of mainstream science. The quantum logic of mainstream science is not wrong, it is just limited just like the determinism of Einstein’s GR geodesics is not wrong either…GR is likewise limited by the determinate action of Einstein’s GR. After all, GR does not describe the photon exchange bond between a source and observer at all.

Quantum exchange is the action that bonds a source and observer and that bond is what makes for the uncertainty of action. Therefore the uncertainties of free will and free choice and even thought itself all derive from actions of quantum bonds between sources and observers. Of course, there is a lot of chaos in classical determinate actions and so people can still argue endlessly about free will…until there is a common quantum gravity and charge. Ironically, it is quantum gravity that is what rescues free will from the determinate actions of Einstein’s GR.


Said in other words, the action differential of Einstein’s GR is simply the cosmic action time average of the quantum gravity matter wave action derivative. Both space and interval atomic time emerge from the gravity/charge action derivative, now with respect to the action time of the universe. The cosmic action time of the universe represents a kind of absolute time and is different from the interval time of atomic clocks, which varies over cosmic action time. It is the cosmic action of the universe that defines all force and the progress of interval time represents a second time dimension.

The same dipole photons of quantum charge bonds are the quadrupole biphotons of gravity bonds. While charge bonds have very short correlation lengths on the order of atoms, gravity bonds have very long correlation lengths on the order of the universe. While discrete photon emission and absorption are what bond charge matter, discrete biphoton emission and absorption are what bond neutral matter. The biphoton exchange of gravity defines the motions of sources from gravity, but biphotons are also coupled to charge bonds.

Therefore, charge bonds affect gravity and and gravity affects charge bonds. However, the biphoton nature of gravity means that the gravity wave beamsplitter does not show interference effects. This is because the gravity biphoton exchange between source and observer is much more symmetric than the single photon exchange of dipole charge force. In other words, resonances between source and observer result in cavity modes just like a laser.

Stimulated absorption and emission are only possible with the special conditions of a laser cavity for dipole photons, but stimulated absorption and emission are very common for gravity biphotons. Therefore any interaction between two gravity sources represents a quadrupole cavity mode with the exchange of a very large number of biphotons.