One of the great accomplishments of Western Civilization is the U.S. Constitution. Often touted as an insightful statement of inherent human rights, the Constitution enshrines the God given rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The Constitution and laws have really become our common civic religion because these morals and ethics are something, just like any religion, in which people must simply believe.
Thus the Constitution represents a secular or civic religious faction much like the many religion factions that also make up Civilization. In fact, the Constitution enshrines the many factions of co-equal government and the Federalist Papers describes in great detail the purpose of those factions. Religions like Christianity have a long history of factions, called heresies, and the great Schism of 1054 was just such a faction that resulted from a rebellion against the tyranny and corruption of the Roman pope. The later Reformation of 1644 was then another rebellion against the intolerance and corruption of Rome and the outcome was the many factions that increased the tolerance and therefore limited the flaw of sanctimony with more diverse belief.
Thus, the many factions of Civilization are very important for the progress of a Civilization and those factions include those of religion, identity, and politics. People have needs and desires and Civilization helps people achieve those needs and desires, but at the cost of the loss of some free choice. However, what really makes Civilization work is really not so much in how it meets the needs and desires of people, but rather in how the Civilization limits the God given human flaws.
The factions of Civilization excite five human desires each with their measures:
1) Power and fame; pareto distribution;
2) Status; education and religion;
3) Pleasure; life expectancy, education, leisure;
4) Well being; per capita GDP, leisure;
5) Free choice; religion, culture, language.
The five human desires also represent excesses that are the five human flaws that the factions of Civilization inhibit:
1) Tyranny resulting from an excess of power and fame;
2) Sanctimony that results from an excess of religion or education;
3) Arrogance that results from an excess of pleasure;
4) Greed that results from an excess of well being;
5) Intolerance that results from callous free choice.