Friday, March 9, 2018

Causal set quantum gravity as discrete aether...

Causal set quantum gravity supposes a discrete universe made up of very small granules and those granules seem a lot like discrete aether, which is 8.68e-69 kg and 1.2e126 discrete particles make up the universe today. The axioms of these granules are that they act on each other in ways that are transitive, non-circular, and finite. Time and space in a granulated universe are not continuous but rather time and space simply emerge from the discrete actions of discrete granules.

The prescription of a Hamiltonian to a causal set is complicated by the lack of a continuous space or time variables in the granulated universe. The dynamics of a causal set come from parental actions that occur between causal subsets of particles that lead to progeny and from those family histories then emerges what we call space and time. Thus, by its very definition, a causal set is always changing and today, the universe of discrete matter decays just as it's discrete actions grow.

The dimensions of discrete matter and action form step operators of both anti-commuting and non-commuting conjugate Hilbert spaces and therefore form a density matrix with a quadratic Hamiltonian. The Hamiltonian factors into an anti-commuting spin = 2 gravity and a non-commuting spin = 1/2 charge operators and so the granulated universe unifies charge and gravity.

Although the notion of a granulated universe has been around since 1991 (Sorkin 1991), it has not really received a very wide acceptance by many in mainstream science. Although granulation does formulate a quantum density matrix for gravity, the granulated quantum gravity has not yet resulted into any further insights into the conundrums of gravity. Just as the quantization of electromagnetic fields resolved the singularities of quantum charge, granular quantum gravity does remove the singularities of gravity, i.e., black holes.

The gravity of a black hole deflects and blue-shifts light as the figure shows. The skimming light exchanges momentum with the black hole but if the light skims closer than about a wavelength to the event horizon during its journey, that light phase entangles the black hole phase at the two points shown. This phase entanglement means that the states and entropy of the black hole are now in a superposition of light states with those in spacetime.
Quantum gravity transforms the black hole singularity of relativity into a phase transition between the ordinary granulation phase that emerges as continuous space and time and light into an extraordinary granulation phase of a causal set of discrete matter and action entanglement. Unlike granulated propagation of information in relativistic space and time, the transitive granules of a black-hole causal set percolate information with the entanglement of matter and action without space and time. Essentially, it appears to observers in space and time that the black-hole information is all at the black-hole surface and that the black-hole information entangles light holographically.

The black-hole surface represents a phase boundary between light, which facilitates the action of matter, and the black-hole matter and actions that exist as transitive, non-circular, and finite granules. The notion of a granulated black hole is also consistent with the holographic principle, which supposes that black holes preserve information as a hologram on their surfaces.

The entanglement of light's quantum phase stores quantum information in space and time and the entanglement of action's quantum phase stores information for black-hole granules.

Causal Sets: Discrete Gravity, Sorkin

Causal sets and the deep structure of spacetime, Dowker 2008

A Classical Sequential Growth Dynamics for Causal Sets, Rideout and Sorkin, 2004

Entanglement Entropy in Causal Set Theory, Sorkin and Yazdi, 2018

Discrete Aether and Action as Fundamental

FQXi Discrete Aether and Action as Fundamental

Saturday, March 3, 2018

The mystery of quantum phase and the unknowable

Understanding quantum phase and its decoherence or decay are very important for understanding the mystery of microscopic quantum reality, but the mystery of quantum phase does not play much of a role in how things happen in our macroscopic reality. This is because by the time macroscopic things happen, quantum matter phase coherence has usually decayed.

Macroscopic gravity particles have the property of mass but do not have the property of phase in general relativity. However, quantum particles have both the properties of mass and quantum phase, which means that quantum matter periodically goes out of and comes back into existence with a complementary spin. This perpetual cycle of matter oscillation is the action that defines the quantum mystery of existence and relativistic gravity is missing the oscillation of matter.

Classical science and relativistic gravity define existence as unchanging matter moving along determinate paths. The classical determinate path of a particle with relativistic gravity does not change unless acted on by some other force. Quantum science, though, defines existence as a perpetual matter action or oscillation and so there is an inherent uncertainty in the path of a quantum particle through space...even without any other action force.

Quantum gravity must have the same oscillation of matter as quantum charge, but this oscillation must always be along a determinate relativistic gravity path. This makes quantum gravity particles uncertain in matter and action, but not uncertain in path. The determinate path of a gravity particle through space and time emerges from the matter and action of quantum gravity and so it is matter and action that define space and time and therefore also quantum gravity. Unlike relativistic gravity, quantum charge acts upon itself as well as upon other particles. Quantum gravity, though, is necessarily complementary and so the quantum gravity of a particle does indeed act upon itself.

Just as quantum spin represents the action of a quantum particle upon itself, the spin of quantum gravity represents the action of a quantum gravity particle upon itself. Its just that the states of quantum gravity are 1e39th power weaker than those of quantum charge. Gravity particle wavefunctions then show dispersions that span the universe and it is convenient to use biphoton exchange for gravity quadrupoles just as single photon exchanges drive charge force. Each photon of charge exchange that binds every atom of matter entangles with its complementary emitted photon from creation at the CMB.

Just as there is an uncertainty with quantum spin, there is a corresponding uncertainty with gravity quadrupole spin driven by gravity self energy. However, the complementary effect of gravity bodies on each other means that there are still determinate paths for those bodies. The complementary determinate paths of two gravity bodies, though, are still subject to uncertainties in matter and action along those paths.

It is therefore not possible to precisely measure both the matter and the action of two orbiting bodies even though it is possible to know their respective paths though space and time with arbitrary precision.

Perpetual photon exchange binds every atom today from the emission of a photon of light at the CMB creation when electrons bonded to protons and other matter. Those two events are entangled with each other and define the size of the universe with a biphoton gravity quadrupole. The coupling between the emission of CMB photons and the photon exchange of stable atoms is the mystery of quantum gravity. This means that gravity force depends on the size of the universe and since the size of the universe changes over time, gravity therefore also depends on time.

Typical descriptions of what is often called the mystery of quantum particle dispersion often do not include any description of phase or of phase decay. This is odd because quantum phase and quantum phase decay are really at the root of the quantum mystery. Classically, a single particle is in a knowable state even though it can be in either of two states or places. Once an observer measures that particle state, it is then certain that the particle was always in that knowable measured state even before the measurement.

A quantum particle, however, can be in a superposition of two states or places and when an observer measures the particle state, the particle collapses into just one state or place. However, the particle was perpetually oscillating and therefore was never in just one knowable state or place before the observation. Even when an observer sees a quantum particle on one path, that does not mean that the quantum particle was not perpetually oscillating. Rather it means that the quantum particle was on a superposition of both paths until the observer saw it and that quantum coherence decayed into one state.

Much quantum knowledge is therefore unknowable and therefore quantum knowledge involves both knowable classical knowledge as well as the unknowable. However, we do have a quantum intuition that also represents choices that we make by our gut or instinct. Thus, our knowledge, reason, and intuition all contribute to our wisdom and the choices that we make.

Saturday, December 9, 2017

The Pleasure of Discovery Is About More Than Just Science...

Popular understandings of the technical issues of science are often clouded by the language of science. The public often favors and believes in one or more popular scientists as intercessories even when those popular scientists say things that most other scientists do not agree with.

Popular scientists are now a select priesthood vetted by television, internet videos, and popular science books. It is the ultimate insult to a practicing scientists to say that that scientist's science is not science, which seems rather silly since science is really just a part of human discovery.

Suppose that a person has a hobby communicating science to others and is otherwise that person a scientist? Human discovery, after all, can take many different forms and communication of science to others is in some sense the most important part of human discovery. The pleasure of discovery is about much more than just science.

Suppose that a person only teaches science but does not actually do any that person a scientist? The ability of teaching and communicating science to a new generation is an important part of wisdom and knowledge.

Suppose that a person does industrial R&D developing and testing new that person a scientist? You is kind of nice to make a living doing whatever you decide to do...and so many different kinds of activities that comprise what people call science.

The pleasures of discovering knowledge and wisdom are fundamental and science is really only a small part of the pleasure of all of human discovery. Working scientists get paid for addressing the great questions and problems of science and one of many various sources funds their work. Likewise historians and economists and sociologists also get paid for what they do in making a more efficient economy.

Here are 5
great questions and 14 great problems for science that support many of the 14 human needs of civilization.

Great Questions for Science (Knowledge):
1)      … Nature of Matter;
2)      … Natures of Force and Action;
3)      … Natures of Intelligence and Consciousness;
4)      … Origin of the Universe;
5)      … Molecular Basis of Life.

Great Problems for Science:
1)      Curing Cancer (Health);
2)      Curing Heart Disease (Health);
3)      Curing Aids (Health);
4)      Placing People into Space (Knowledge);
5)      Reducing Energy Costs (Energy);
6)      Improving Transportation (Transportation);
7)      Cleaning Up Defense Wastes (Security);
8)      Maintaining Economic Stability (Money);
9)      Reducing Human Environmental Impact (Environment);
10)  Stabilizing Population Growth (Environment);
11)  Maintaining World Peace (Security);
12)  Maintaining National Defense (Security);
13)  Harnessing Nuclear Energy (Energy);
14)  Reducing Crime (Security).

The human needs basis divides the U.S. GDP into 14 needs and the great questions and problems for science addresses just 7 of those 14 human needs. Each human need involves a percent of the GDP ($19.5 T in 2016) as well as a percent of the need spent on extended research and development, exR&D. That is, there are many company's exR&D that improve shelter materials, which include clothing and furniture, and those efforts are not normally considered science, but rather more engineering optimization.

Human Need
DP in $B
exR&D Rank
1)      Transportation

Autos, planes, trains buses trucks, boats, roads, bridges, DMV’s, maintenance
2)      Shelter

Homes and commercial structures, clothing, furniture
3)      Health

Physicians, nurses, dentists optometrists, hospitals, pharma, hygiene
4)      Knowledge

K-12, universities, exploration, NSF, part of NIH
5)      Food

Farming, processing, grocery, agricultural chemicals
6)      Security

Police, judiciary, prisons, national guard, military, weapons
7)      Tools

Hand tools, machine tools, analytical instruments, sensors, robots, computers, software
8)      Risk

Insurance, social security, welfare
9)      Administration

Local, state, federal (does not include judiciary, police, utilities)
10)  Energy

Oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, hydro, solar, wind, firewood, geothermal, power utilities
11)  Leisure

Parks, vacations, movies, entertainment, arts, music, religions
12)  Environment

Water, sewage, solid waste disposal, air pollution, habitat management
13)  Communication

Telephone, internet, radio, TV, newspapers, magazines, postal
14)  Money

Banks, federal reserve, stock exchanges, commodities, coinage
These human needs define what people spend their lives doing as well as comprise a spectrum within each life and people then spend on their needs. Human needs describe an economy in a way that directly links R&D to increased productivity and therefore human needs basis provides a very useful way to optimize ex R&D resources for increasing productivity. 

When civilization decides to shift more %GDP on health, the wealth necessarily must come from some other human need, such as leisure or administration, for example. Even though health is a very important human need, people really desire to spend less and not more for health. Thus health exR&D should increase productivity and reduce health spending.

Friday, November 17, 2017

Discrete Aether and Action as Fundamental

Although continuous space and time seem to be fundamental to our universe along with matter and action, space and time actually emerge from the fundamental discrete actions of a finite and discrete aether. The universe of discrete quantum aether turns space and time inside out since quantum decoherence is what really drives the emergence of the order of space and time. Although mainstream science believes that both space and time expand in universe, quantum decoherence shows that space and matter shrink while time and action expand into increasing order.

Discrete Action of Discrete Aether
Discrete aether and action are the fundamental two dimensions from which all other dimensions of the shrinking universe of expanding force then emerge. Although typical source observers use the continuous time and space of an expanding universe to keep track of source actions, enlightened source observers use the discrete action of discrete matter to keep track of changing sources. It is from the discrete actions of discrete matter that the increasing order of a shrinking progeny arises.

Both time and space then emerge from a causal set of the increasing order of source actions for a shrinking universe. The term aether refers to the actual fundamental particle of all granulated matter and light. It is discrete aether that is what actually makes up the granulated universe, not really space and time and both space and time emerge from an entangled causal set of aether action. For example, atomic clock actions define time with collections of discrete actions that are causal-set progeny and observers then simply believe that there exists an infinitely divisible time that has meaning in between the discrete actions of that causal-set progeny. Thus it is the belief that continuous time exists outside of the discrete actions of discrete atomic action that then defines time and observers who believe in continuous time then interpolate between those discrete events to infer a continuous time.

It is the causal set of discrete wavelengths of light that define space from the discrete actions of that light. Observers have to first of all simply believe in the existences of both matter and action and most observers then further believe in the infinitely divisible space between discrete events to keep track of matter sources even though it is from discrete events that the notions of continuous space and time emerge. Ultimately then it is the discrete diameters of atomic charge radii and their spin periods that actually define discrete space and time displacements by the discrete wavelengths of light.

Although classical knowledge about the way the world works is necessary for wisdom, there are things about the way the world works that are not knowable but rather intuitive and yet intuition is still part of wisdom. People cannot know anything more about matter and action other than to simply believe that they are the way that they are. In other words, people cannot know why matter and action are the way that they are, people can only believe that matter and action are the way that they are.

Likewise people cannot know why they are here, why they are right here right now, or why it is they and not someone else who are right here right now. Our quantum intuition is a bridge between what we can know and what we cannot ever know, the quantum unknowable.

Discrete particles along with causal-set discrete actions make up the granulated universe and observers infer that there exists both continuous space and time in between the progeny of discrete actions. The universe does not exist first of all as a continuous flow of time and and a mostly empty continuous expanding space filled with just a small amount of matter on determinate gravity paths. Rather the universe exists first of all as a very large causal set of discrete aether with a small amount of aether condensed at the CMB creation into the progeny of matter and light of sources we now observe. The shrinking granulated universe is then a pulse of discrete aether and action as shown above and it is from the action of decoherence that emerges one of the two dimensions of a continuous time.

Although action normally integrates a kinetic and potential energy difference over continuous time and space for an unbound source, quantum action is inherent in the matter-scaled Planck constant without regard to continuous space and time. The matter-scaled Planck constant integrates the energy of a timeless aether photon and it is from the decay of that aether photon that time and space emerge from the discrete action of aether. Therefore all constants of the universe emerge from just the two simple ones of aether particle mass, mae, and the matter-scaled Planck constant, hae = h/c2. The velocity of an electron spin, c/α, is constant, and it is from that radius and spin period that both space and time emerge as c and α that both actually vary slowly in cosmic time.

It is a fundamental aether decoherence that drives both charge and gravity forces in the shrinking universe. Thus this notion is subject to measurement and falsification although the decoherence rate of 8.1e-18 s-1 is still beyond current precision of science as the plot shows. This decoherence rate is simply the ratio of gravity to charge forces times the orbit period of any matter. For hydrogen, decoherence rate = GmH2/(q2c21e-7) c/rB. As measurement precision increases more and more, science will eventually measure and therefore discover the fundamental decay and shrinkage that the figure shows…or science will show that it is some other decay or that decay does not exist at all. The fundamental decay time and distance of aether appear to center within the current experimental bounds of continuous spontaneous localization, CSL, as the figure shows. The difference between CSL and aether decay is that aether decay and distance are constants derived from the fundamental properties of a shrinking universe and not some arbitrary CSL parameters (see Carlesso et. al, 2017).

It is the causal set of discrete actions of discrete matter that define sources for an observer and so space and time merely emerge from the causal set of discrete action of matter from electron spin. Source matter oscillates with the action of exchange just as discrete source action oscillates and decays by exchange of discrete matter. The oscillations of matter and action mean that there are corresponding amplitudes and phases for the matter exchanges of matter actions. There is a further phase relationship between the oscillations of matter and action that then defines a quantum uncertainty principle in the traditional manner except with action and matter instead of displacement and momentum. This means that there is a limit to the precision of measuring both matter and action and so the conjugate variables of matter and action conform to the notions of quantum field theory.

While quantum field theory entangles matter sources to each other with an infinity of vacuum oscillators, quantum aether action entangles the same matter sources together with a very large but finite number of aether action oscillators. Thus the spacetime quantum fields that entangle sources with each other in an expanding universe emerge from the simpler notions of the discrete aether exchange of a shrinking universe.

General relativity unites continuous space and time into gravity action that results in determinate and infinitely divisible spacetime geodesics with no inherent uncertainty.  As a result, quantum uncertainty and oscillation and phase have no meaning for the determinate and continuous geodesic paths of relativity. However, the oscillations and phases of matter action represent gravity as a series of discrete events for a very weak gravity force.

General relativity therefore unites discrete matter and action into quantum gravity action. Quantum relativity then also results in determinate geodesic paths but now it is discrete matter and action along those determinate paths that makes them discrete. The emergence of continuous space and time from collections of discrete matter actions means that sources do actually follow determinate geodesics in space and time. This is because space and time actually emerge from the collections of discrete actions that define those paths. There is still a quantum uncertainty of the collection of discrete matter and action and that uncertainty necessarily limits knowledge of mass and action along those otherwise determinate geodesic paths. Thus while a source path follows the determinate geodesic of general relativity, there are still inherent uncertainties about the matter and action along that now discrete geodesic path.

Each atom of matter at the CMB creation entangles its emitted photon and that light shines on us today and these two entangled photons make up the biphoton resonance of quantum gravity exchange. The photons of the ancient light created not only matter, but also the biphoton quantum gravity from the determinate geodesic paths of the cosmic microwave background.

In summary, for matter and action to be the fundamental things from which all else emerges, the granulated universe must be made up of a very large but finite causal set of particles called aether. Instead of aether existing in continuous space and time, though, continuous space and time both emerge as progeny from the causal set of discrete actions and discrete aether. Since both gravity and charge derive from the decoherence of quantum aether, they become in effect scaled versions of each other and the discrete action of aether provides a fundamental causal set for a rational universe.

Experimental bounds on collapse models from gravitational wave detectors
M. Carlesso, A. Bassi, P. Falferi, A. Vinante

Here are a series of blogs with more descriptive words for the nontechnical.

Here are a series of technical papers only for those who understand the math.

Monday, November 13, 2017

Born Again Empathic Selfism and In Feeling We Trust

Empathic selfism is the very necessary belief we all have in an objective physical reality of each person's feeling. A selfist believes in an objective reality that is the same for all people who can agree about measurements of reality. Selfists also believe in a subjective feeling that is how people each uniquely feel about the world and how they each feel is how they choose a future.

A selfist first of all believes in the matter and action of an objective world outside of the mind. This belief in matter and action anchors the selfist consciousness and allows people to agree with each other about measurements of reality. A selfist also believes in the matter and action of a subjective world inside of our mind and that subjective world is unique for each person.

Selfists believe that a person chooses one of many possible futures based on their singular feeling and that singular feeling is a superposition of emotions along with a superposition of possible futures. The present moment exists as a superposition of a large number of past memories along with an even larger number of possible futures. Memory depends on the decoherence of neural memory to order past actions and the ordering of memory is what provides consciousness a sense of time. The ordering of memories by decoherence within the mind provides an expectation that there will be a similar ordering for the many possible futures.

Born again empathic selfism does not deny the critical role of belief for understanding the relationship between our subjective and objective worlds. People must believe in matter and action and there is no way to further define those primal beliefs. Primal beliefs are what anchor consciousness and help us find our destinies.

Selfists also believe that compassion is necessary to limit selfishness and therefore bond to others for cooperation and mutual benefit. People must bond with others for the ascendance of a cooperative civilization where life expectancy increases, per capita productivity increases, and knowledge and wisdom increase. However, increasing life expectancy leads to anxiety about overpopulation and increasing productivity likewise leads to anxiety over inequity and these anxieties are both a direct result of increasing knowledge and wisdom, which then leads to even more anxiety about the downsides of civilization's ascendance.

Selfish compassion is the also necessary belief we all have in a subjective feeling about the world and that others also have subjective feelings. Although people can agree about a selfish objective reality because of measurement, there is no way to measure subjective feeling of compassion and that means there is an alternate reality for each person's compassion. There is no way to know for certain that two people feel the same way about their inner compassion even though they can agree about an objective selfism.

Monday, October 23, 2017

Orders of Consciousness

Consciousness is sometimes hard to define but rather easy to measure since consciousness results in very particular patterns of electrical activity in the brain. The electroencephalogram or EEG indicates an unconscious versus conscious state and can differentiate different stages of sleep as well. Neural pathologies like epilepsy and coma also have very distinctive EEG spectra.

Consciousness comprises progressive orders of recursive neural emotion:
zero order: joy and misery, anger and serenity, infants less than two years old;
first order: pleasure of discovery versus anxiety of the unknown, children less than six;
second order: selfishness and compassion, bonding with others, long term memory, less than 18;
third order: pride and shame, bonding with civilization, adults;
fourth order: rapture of ecstasy, bonding with cosmos, passing away.

Consciousness is also a learned process from acting like others act just like learning to communicate with language by acting like others act. Therefore it is useful to rank the development of consciousness in general orders that the stages of human development define. When a child is first born, the two emotions of joy and misery pretty much determine the limits of that child's consciousness. Crying represents an infant's misery that a parent addresses while joy represents the looks and smiles and not crying then reinforces parental care.

A first order consciousness occurs by about age two or so when a child develops their first beliefs in space and time. First order consciousness means that a child understands that sources do not disappear but rather continue to exist even though the child no longer sees them. The primitive emotions of pleasure and anxiety drive an initial purpose in discovering the world and that first world is a very selfish one with many potential dangers.

Thus a second order consciousness occurs by about age six or so when a child begins to develop long term memories. Between two and six a child learns how to limit their selfishness with compassion for others and how to limit other's selfishness with anger and serenity. Selfishness is a necessary emotion for survival just as compassion is a necessary emotion for bonding with others just as anger is necessary to limit other's selfishness. The child's long term memory allows development of bonding with others and sets the stage for ascent into civilization. Schools bring children together for learning and social interactions that introduce pride in accomplishments as well shame to conform behavior to a norm.

Third order consciousness occurs by about age 18 or so when a child transitions to an adult capable of survival on their own with final emotion complement of pride and shame. Having developed a full complement of emotions, an adult is proud of the pleasure of discovery just as a child, but limits that pleasure by an appropriate anxiety about the consequences of shame. Driving an auto is a pleasant way to discover many things, but driving into a tree or another person is not something that is useful to discover.

Throughout life, a person experiences joy and misery along with anger and serenity in all of their endeavors, then pleasure and anxiety come next followed by selfishness and compassion. Finally, pride and shame are a necessary emotions for conforming to a social norm and a civilization of laws and justice.

The fourth and final order of consciousness occurs only after much experience in the world and does not necessarily occur for everyone. Fourth order consciousness is the rapture and ecstasy with the discovery that the physical world is really not quite what it seems like it is. Fourth order consciousness discovers the spectral nature of reality that underlies the apparent external reality of space and time with sources and observers. When we pass into oblivion with this knowledge and wisdom, we experience the rapture and ecstasy of that discovery.

Saturday, October 7, 2017

Wisdom of the Unknowable

There is a long history of discourse in philosophy and religion about the the dual natures of wisdom and knowledge. While knowledge is about remembering events and feelings that we discover, wisdom is how we use that knowledge and feeling to discover and choose one of many possible desirable futures.

Anything that happens in a determinate universe is in principle knowable with a knowable cause and so wisdom in a determinate universe is completely based on causal knowledge. Since feelings in a determinate universe all have knowable causes, determinism presumes we can always know why we make the choices that we make. In contrast, we actually live in a quantum and therefore uncertain universe, which means that there are many things that happen with unknowable causes. The unknowable causes  of the quantum universe represent unknowable knowledge, which is a mystery in which we must simply believe. As a result, we have feelings that we simply cannot explain and therefore we make some choices that we cannot ever really understand.

There are actually many questions that we can ask that have no answers even in a determinate universe. Why is the universe the way that it is? Why are we here? Why are we here right now? And why is it us and not someone else who is here right now? Many devout determinate believers simply do not ask these kind of questions that have no answers.

The many questions that do have answers are part of what is knowable while the questions that we can ask that have no answers are part of the unknowable and yet what is unknowable also contributes to wisdom. The further beliefs that anchor consciousness represent the fundamental wisdom of the unknowable.

There is a long history of religions attributing unknowable knowledge and wisdom of many events to supernatural and therefore unknowable causes. Religions have created large amounts of wisdom over several thousand years derived from supernatural revelations. Much of religious wisdom helps guide human compassion and selfishness, which are two necessary and yet complementary emotions for bonding people together.

Religions also reveal wisdom about other emotion complements;  pleasure and anxiety, joy and misery, anger and serenity, and pride and shame. Pleasure and anxiety, for example, are the most important emotions for individual survival while compassion and selfishness are the most important for civilization and bonding. Religious wisdom reinforces emotions and feelings that help people survive.

Secular wisdom likewise depends on both knowable and unknowable beliefs and so secular wisdom still depends on some essential supernatural beliefs. People must believe in the way the universe is and that matter and action are what make up the universe. Secular wisdom also means that there is a unique pleasure that each person has in discovering the world along with a unique anxiety about the many dangers of the world.

Secular wisdom means that each person has a unique compassion along with a unique selfishness in dealing with others. There are therefore many unique bonds that people form with other people that weave civilization into the fabric that is has become. Since the values of both religious and secular wisdom overlap, the difference between secular and religious wisdom is in the nature of the individual versus the collective. Secular wisdom promotes the value of unique individual wisdom while religious wisdom promotes the value of common collective wisdom.

Secular wisdom supports the unique self journey and destiny of each individual person in the universe while religious wisdom supports the common journeys and destinys of a collective.

Saturday, September 30, 2017

Sunspot Cycle, Cygni-61, and Procyon

The oscillating collapse of quantum aether is why unlike charges attract as well as why matter attracts other matter and so unites both gravity and charge forces. Furthermore, the motion of collapsing matter results in a vector quadrupole gravity force besides monopole gravity between moving stars called quadrupole gravitization. The decay of star mass along with its motion relative to other stars couples star motion with quadrupole gravitization within galaxies. Similar to the dipole magnetization of moving dipole charge, quadrupole gravitization (QG) is a quadrupole vector force between moving stars.

Quadrupole gravitization (QG) coupling also affects the outer convection of our sun and other stars by coupling convection cell motion to other star decays and motions and when there are two stars at the same distance from the sun, QG results in a cycle period corresponding to their time separation. The stars Cygni-61 and Procyon are both 11.4 light years away and their QG coupling is an example of QG affecting the convection of the sun with a 11.4y cycle. In addition to the 11.4y cycle, Cygni-61 A and B is a binary with a 678 yr period that is 11.4 lyrs from sol and Procyon A and B is another binary with 41 year period that is also 11.4 lyrs from sol. Those binary periods then also affect the intensity, phase, and period of the sunspot cycle in an absolute sense.

Gravitization from Cygni-61 and Procyon affects the sun's convection and results in a periodic variation of sunspots over time corresponding to the time distance. Fitting the parameters with least squares minimization results in the fit shown below and is absolutely predictive. The QG fit up until 2012 predicts cycle 24 intensity fairly well but the fit peaks two years earlier as the figure shows. In addition, there appear to be additional sources of sunspot variability that the matter wave model does not yet include.

In particular the delay of the latest sunspot maximum of cycle 24 by two years from 2012 to 2014 is not unlike past delays like that of cycle 19 minimum from predicted 1974 to observed 1976. One possible source of this extra variability may be the well-known variabilities of Cygni-61A and B also plotted, but it is not yet clear how to account for this variability in the QG model. The NASA-Goddard prediction in 2009 for cycle 24 was 90 spots/day and 2013.4 while the Schlatten model was 2013.25 and 80 spots/day. Since the two year shift had already occurred at the 2009 minimum, the QG prediction for cycle 24 was more accurate than either NASA-Goddard or Schlatten.

The QG prediction for cycle 25 is for a peak in 2024.25 at 122 spots/day and this prediction depends on the fit from 1/1/1749 to 1/1/2013 cycle 23 and includes the Maunder minimum in 1670. In fact, the matter wave model is a regression fit and so matter wave predictions really do not vary much with each new cycle.

The Maunder Minimum was a ~30 year period around 1670 when the sun was devoid of sunspots and the weather was particularly cold. The binary orbit of Cygnis-61A and Cygnis-61B corresponds to the apparent equidistance from Earth's perspective of these binaries and so associates a lower QG convection of the sun with that period.

Friday, September 8, 2017

Remaking the Spell of Supernatural Belief

Secularists argue that consciousness and the angst of existence and purpose do not depend on supernatural beliefs like religions. In fact, Daniel Dennett in 2006 wrote a whole book about breaking the spell of religion with secularism. However, Dennett's secularism then goes on to declare many diverse beliefs in in all kinds of moral and ethical values and emphasize that these beliefs are based on secular and not religious which he simply believes. Instead of breaking the spell of religion, secularism should rather remake the spell of supernatural belief.

Consciousness is a somewhat mysterious but integral part of existence and yet even very smart people cannot seem to agree about the nature of consciousness. Religions believe in various supernatural agents as a necessary part of consciousness and purpose, but secularists seems to believe that there is no need for any beliefs in supernatural religious agents...ironically a belief in nonbelief.

Nevertheless, secular beliefs are just that...beliefs. Secular beliefs anchor consciousness just as do religious beliefs and really there is no difference between anchors of supernatural religious beliefs and supernatural secular beliefs for addressing the angst of existence and purpose. Secularism should not therefore deny supernatural belief, rather secularism should remake the spell of supernatural religion into a supernatural compassionate selfism.

The basic supernatural selfist beliefs are of matter and action, which are the self-evident axioms that describe the universe existence. Secularism cannot further define either matter or action and must simply accept matter and action as supernatural belief in the way the universe is. A traditional personification of matter is Mother Earth while that of action is Father Time. Instead of fighting against all of the various supernatural religious agents, secularism should simply accept the mystery of the supernatural agents of Earth and Time.

People believe in a great many different religious supernatural agents, but the greatest growth over the last century has been in the secularists who proclaim little or no religious affiliation as the figure shows. Johnson and Grimm compared world religious beliefs in 1910 with those in 2010 and found the greatest percent growth in secularism, 12%. Islam grew 10%, from 13 to 23% from 1910 to 2010, but the growth in Islam largely reflects the population growth of the less developed world according to a Pew study. In contrast, the growth of secularism seems to have come from conversion and not from population growth.

The marked decline in various ethnic religions of -20% seems to have been the result of both lower population growth in advanced regions as well as conversion into secularism. Thus while the growth of Islam has been driven largely by population growth, the growth of secularism has been driven by conversion. The large growth of Islam is a result of higher fertility rates and all of the attendant demands for limited resources of that increasing population. In contrast, the growth of secularism is a result of increasing wealth, education, life expectancy, and lower fertility rates and more efficient use of the same limited resources.

In 1910, secularism was a very small part of global belief and most people believed in one of the many religions. The explosive growth of secularism since 1910 seems to be associated with increasing literacy, education, wealth, life expectancy, and with more efficient use of limited resources in the more advanced world. The industrial and information revolutions have ironically resulted in the rise of secularism as well as a decline in fertility rates below replacement in the more advanced world. Ironically, though, the industrial and information revolutions have also fueled the high fertility rates of the less developed world and so are also largely responsible for the growth of Islam.

The fertility rates of the less developed world are now fueling a mass migration from less into more developed regions and those migrations result in many social pressures. The collisions between the two largest growing beliefs, first secularism and second Islam, is perhaps the contact that produces the most friction. In Europe, secularism is 50% while in China, it is 60% while other developed nations range from 20-50% secularism as noted in Paul Harrison's recent essay.

Most modern world religions including Islam have adapted very well to each other as well as to the rise in secularism despite having conflicting beliefs, but there is a very radical minority in Islam that violently rejects conflicting beliefs. This Islamic minority not only rejects any acquiescence with secularism, but also rejects any acquiescence with other religions including mainstream Islam.

The minority Islamist conflict is simply a manifestation of Earth's overpopulation and therefore represents a competition for Earth's limited resources. Since Earth's population is still growing, there will likely be more conflicts, especially between secularism and violent religious minorities. Wealth, education, and life expectancy seem to be keys for both capping population growth as well as converting more people to secular beliefs, but religious belief will likely to continue to have an enduring role in the developed world.